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Causes Of Acid Indigestion And Heartburn

Coffee And Caffeinated Beverages

Acid Reflux & Heartburn : Acid Indigestion Causes

Some people may experience heartburn when drinking coffee and other caffeinated beverages.

This is because caffeine has been shown to relax the lower esophageal sphincter, which can increase the risk of acid reflux and heartburn (

17 ).

Even though coffee may cause heartburn in some people, not all studies have observed a link between coffee and acid reflux symptoms.

One study that included 1,837 people, 25% of whom had GERD, did not find a significant link between coffee consumption and GERD symptoms .

Though the research remains inconclusive, if you tolerate coffee, theres no need to avoid it. On the other hand, if coffee gives you reflux and heartburn, its best to avoid it or limit your intake.


Some people may experience heartburn when drinking coffee, though the link between coffee intake and heartburn is not very clear. If coffee gives you heartburn, its best to avoid it or reduce your intake.

Ways To Overcome Constipation To Prevent Acid Reflux

Any doctor will first prescribe changes to lifestyle along with the use of home remedies. If there is no change in the condition, then the doctor will ask the patient to opt for Proton Pump Inhibitors. Although the inhibitor is effective against GERD, constipation is the known side effect.

As proton pump inhibitors show constipation as the side effect, an individual can control the constipation and prevent the acid reflux through a few methods. The following are the ways through which one can achieve this:

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How Gut Health Affects Silent Reflux

Research shows that your gut health, specifically your microbiome health, may relate to reflux symptoms. One systematic review showed that probiotics seemed to improve the symptoms of GERD, including heartburn, regurgitation, abdominal pain, and gas .

A meta-analysis also found that H. pylori, a bacterium that can infect the stomach and cause ulcers, is present in about half of LPR patients . However, some research shows that H. pylori can actually protect against developing acid reflux or esophageal cancer .

We can tentatively suggest that working to reduce H. pylori and any other gut pathogens as well as supporting the beneficial bacteria in the microbiome with probiotic therapy may help improve LPR or silent reflux symptoms.

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Heartburn And Gerd In Pregnant Women

Heartburn and GERD are commonly associated with pregnancy and can occur in women who may never have had GERD symptoms before. Pregnant women usually experience GERD symptoms around the first trimester. It then worsens in the last trimester. The good news is that when your baby is born, your symptoms usually go away.

Pregnancy can increase levels of the hormone progesterone, which can cause the muscles of the lower esophagus to relax. This makes it more likely that acid will reflux. Increased pressure on the stomach from a growing uterus can also increase a womans likelihood for having GERD.

Symptoms include pain that gets worse after a meal and acid regurgitation. Because the symptoms tend to be temporary, a woman usually doesnt experience the long-term complications associated with GERD, like ongoing inflammation.

Doctors usually avoid prescribing too many medications while a woman is pregnant because the medicine can be passed along to the fetus. Instead, doctors usually recommend making lifestyle changes, such as avoiding foods known to cause acid reflux and sleeping with the head slightly elevated. Taking antacids that contain magnesium, aluminum, and calcium may be permitted. However, antacids with sodium bicarbonate should be avoided in pregnant women because they can affect a womans fluid volumes.

Why Does My Stomach Hurt When I Belch

What is the Cause of Heartburn &  Acid Reflux?

Indigestion, also called dyspepsia, causes pain or discomfort in your upper belly. It can come with belching, bloating, heartburn, nausea, or vomiting. Gastritis happens when the lining of your stomach is irritated. Helicobacter pylori is a kind of bacteria that can cause an infection in your stomach and lead to ulcers.

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How Many Beers Can You Drink With Acid Reflux Gerd Or Heartburn

If you have acid reflux, GERD, or heartburn, you should keep a food and beverage journal to help with identifying triggers that cause an attack.

Limiting yourself to one 12-ounce serving of alcohol, including beer, per day can lower your chances of experiencing symptoms related to acid reflux, GERD, or heartburn. You should also avoid drinking for 2-3 hours before bed to limit the risk for acid reflux at night.

What triggers these conditions can be unique to each person. Identifying your triggers means you can decide if you prefer to avoid beer and other acidic foods and beverages as a way to reduce your acid reflux and decrease the likelihood of GERD.

To summarize, the best beers for acid reflux, GERD, and heartburn are those made with barley malt, as they are lower in carbonation and are not brewed with fruit or fruit juices. Drinking less acidic beers along with limiting your consumption of alcohol, in general, can help limit or eliminate the symptoms of these conditions.

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Study Links Duration Of Heartburn To Severity Of Esophageal Disease

Esophageal disease may be perceived in many forms, with heartburn being the most common. The severity of heartburn is measured by how long a given episode lasts, how often symptoms occur, and/or their intensity. Since the esophageal lining is sensitive to stomach contents, persistent and prolonged exposure to these contents may cause changes such as inflammation, ulcers, bleeding and scarring with obstruction. A pre-cancerous condition called Barrett’s esophagus may also occur. Barrett’s esophagus causes severe damage to the lining of the esophagus when the body attempts to protect the esophagus from acid by replacing its normal lining with cells that are similar to the intestinal lining.

Research was conducted to determine whether the duration of heartburn symptoms increases the risk of having esophageal complications. The study found that inflammation in the esophagus not only increased with the duration of reflux symptoms, but that Barrett’s esophagus likewise was more frequently diagnosed in these patients. Those patients with reflux symptoms and a history of inflammation in the past were more likely to have Barrett’s esophagus than those without a history of esophageal inflammation.

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What Are The Complications Of Indigestion

Indigestion is common and thought to affect up to 20% of us at one time or another. In up to 80% of people with indigestion no underlying medical problem is found. Sometimes, underlying conditions like GORD can lead to complications, for example:

  • oesophageal stricture: Acid reflux is a common cause of indigestion and when this builds up over time in your food pipe, it can scar it. This can cause your food pipe to narrow and is known as an oesophageal stricture. This leads to symptoms like difficulty swallowing, chest pain and food getting stuck in your throat. Surgery is usually needed
  • Barretts oesophagus: Barretts oesophagus is a condition that happens when repeated bouts of GORD lead to changes in the cells lining the lower part of your food pipe. Around 1 in 10 people with GORD will go on to develop it and will usually only get GORD-related symptoms. In the UK, between 3% and 13% of people with BE will develop oesophageal cancer. The biggest risk factors for BE and oesophageal cancer are GORD, being overweight and smoking

Answered by: the Healthily medical team

How To Get Rid Of Indigestion Fast At Home

Acid reflux and heartburn: common causes and treatment

Pamper yourself with peppermint. Peppermint oil soothes intestinal muscle spasms and helps prevent nausea. Take one to two capsules containing 2 mL of oil three times a day between meals. If you prefer a cup of tea, then steep 1 1/2 teaspoons of dried peppermint in a cup of hot water. You can drink it hot or cold. Note:

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Help From The Pharmacy

If you need immediate relief from indigestion, ask a pharmacist for the most suitable medicine for you. Be sure to tell them if youre pregnant, have any medical conditions or are taking any medication. A pharmacist may suggest:

  • taking antacid medicines these counteract the acid produced in your tummy
  • not taking aspirin or ibuprofen NSAIDS can make indigestion worse, but your pharmacist should be able to help you work out other forms of pain relief
  • making changes to any other medicines youre taking if theyre making your indigestion worse and its safe to do so

Are Acid Reflux Disease And Constipation Related

Constipation is an acute or chronic condition in which bowel movements occur less frequently than usual or stools are hard, dry, painful or difficult to pass . Constipation and functional bowel disorders are more common among those with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease . There are multiple known and unknown reasons why acid reflux and constipation often overlap.

One reason that acid reflux may cause constipation is that acid reflux medications can cause constipation . Proton pump inhibitors and antacids that contain aluminum can contribute to constipation.

Food allergies can be another reason that acid reflux and constipation often go together. According to the Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology , cow milk allergy is responsible for approximately 40 percent of GERD cases and 70 percent of chronic constipation.

Delayed gastric emptying can cause both constipation and upper abdomen discomfort . The reasons that some have slower digestion are not always known.

Because constipation can cause or aggravate acid reflux, it is an important issue to address. You should call a doctor immediately if you or your childs feces are blood-stained or if there is a sudden change in bowel habits. Otherwise, there are several at-home treatments that may provide some relief:

  • Avoid cow milk.

  • Include foods high in fiber in every meal .

  • Eat yogurt containing probiotics or take a probiotic supplement.

  • Drink plenty of water each day.

  • Exercise 20 30 minutes each day.

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    What Causes Indigestion And Acid Reflux

    What Causes Indigestion and Acid Reflux

    If youre among the millions of people suffering from heartburn, then youre aware of the discomfort it causes. Acid reflux is described as the sensation of burning in your throat or chest and has nothing to do with relate to the heart.


    What Is Acid Reflux

    Most Common Heartburn Causes &  Symptoms

    A circular muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter joins your esophagus and stomach. This muscle is in charge of tightening your esophagus after food passes to the stomach. If this muscle is weak or doesnt tighten properly, the acid from your stomach can move backward into your esophagus. This is known as acid reflux.

    Acid reflux can cause heartburn and other symptoms that include:

    • cough

    Most people can experience heartburn and acid reflux intermittently related to something they ate or habits like lying down immediately after eating. However, GERD is a chronic condition where doctors start to examine long-lasting habits and parts of a persons anatomy that could cause GERD. Examples of the causes of GERD include:

    • being overweight or obese, which puts extra pressure on the stomach
    • hiatal hernia, which reduces pressure in the LES
    • smoking
    • consuming alcohol
    • pregnancy
    • taking medicines known to weaken the LES, such as antihistamines, calcium channel blockers, pain-relieving medicines, sedatives, and antidepressants

    Symptoms of GERD may disrupt your daily life. Fortunately, they can usually be controlled with treatment. Options include:

    • diet modification
    • smoking cessation
    • alcohol cessation

    Medications for GERD work to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach. They may not be effective for everyone. Some people need surgery to help reinforce the LES.

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    Culprit: Pneumonia Or Lung Infections

    Signs: Similar to food poisoning, you may suffer nausea, vomiting and abdominal cramps. Often, with symptomatic gallstones, fatty meals may cause recurrent pain or cramping in the center or upper right of the abdomen, sometimes extending to the back or right shoulder. The discomfort tends to come and go.

    Who: Children and adults with persistent flu-like symptoms may have pneumonia or a lung infection.

    Take Action: Labs and a chest X-ray at an urgent care or ER may help diagnose pneumonia.

    How To Manage Mild Menopause Acid Reflux

    For women who suffer from occasional acid reflux, lifestyle changes do great wonders in helping. Some measures they can take to find relief include:

    However, for women who suffer from more severe acid reflux, or GERD, other options mentioned below may be recommended on top of these management techniques.

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    What Does Heartburn Feel Like

    Heartburn typically feels like a burning in the center of your chest, behind your breastbone. When you have heartburn, you may also feel symptoms like:

    • A burning feeling in your chest that can last anywhere from a few minutes to a couple of hours.
    • Pain in your chest when you bend over or lay down.
    • A burning feeling in your throat.
    • A hot, sour, acidic or salty taste in the back of your throat.
    • Difficulty swallowing.

    When To See A Doctor About Heartburn Vs Indigestion

    Curing GERD and Acid Reflux: 8 Common cause of Acid Reflux and GERD. Part 1

    If your symptoms of heartburn and/or indigestion dont improve after a few weeks of home remedies and preventive measures, see your doctor.

    Chronic heartburn or indigestion issues could be a sign of an underlying medical condition that needs treatment. To get to the root of chronic indigestion or heartburn issues, your doctor may order a few tests, including:

    • a physical exam of your abdomen
    • acid probe tests to measure when stomach acid reaches back into your esophagus
    • imaging tests, such as X-rays and endoscopies , to look at your esophagus and stomach
    • blood or stool tests to rule out bacterial infections that may be causing indigestion
    • pain in your abdomen that doesnt go away
    • frequent vomiting
    • blood in vomit or stools
    • tar-colored stools

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    Surgery For A Hiatus Hernia

    Keyhole surgery is usually used for a hiatus hernia. This involves making small cuts in your tummy .

    Its done under general anaesthetic, so youll be asleep during the operation.

    After surgery, it usually takes:

    • 2 to 3 days to go home
    • 3 to 6 weeks to go back to work
    • 6 weeks before you can eat what you want
    • a few months to recover from side effects like bloating, burping, farting and difficulty swallowing

    Theres a small risk that your side effects will not go away and youll need more surgery.

    Measure Yourself On The Richter Scale/acid Test

    How significant is your heartburn? What are the chances that it is something more serious? If you need a yardstick, here’s a simple self-test developed by a panel of experts from the American College of Gastroenterology.

    Remember, if you have heartburn two or more times a week, or still have symptoms on your over-the-counter or prescription medicines, see your doctor.

    Take this “Richter Scale/Acid Test” to see if you’re a GERD sufferer and are taking the right steps to treat it.

  • Do you frequently have one or more of the following:
  • an uncomfortable feeling behind the breastbone that seems to be moving upward from the stomach?
  • a burning sensation in the back of your throat?
  • a bitter acid taste in your mouth?
  • Do you often experience these problems after meals?
  • Do you experience heartburn or acid indigestion two or more times per week?
  • Do you find that antacids only provide temporary relief from your symptoms?
  • Are you taking prescription medication to treat heartburn, but still having symptoms?
  • If you said yes to two or more of the above, you may have GERD. To know for sure, see your doctor or a gastrointestinal specialist. They can help you live pain free.

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    Gerd Diet: Foods That Help With Acid Reflux

    Getting a case of acid reflux once in a while isn’t unusual, but some people suffer from burning discomfort, bloating and belching almost every time they eat. About 20% of the population has gastroesophageal reflux disease , a chronic acid reflux condition that’s diagnosed by a doctor.

    Normally, the esophageal sphincter protects the esophagus from stomach acid. However, if the sphincter relaxes, food can push upward through the loosened opening and cause acid reflux.

    “Diet plays a major role in controlling acid reflux symptoms and is the first line of therapy used for people with GERD,” says Ekta Gupta, M.B.B.S., M.D., gastroenterologist with Johns Hopkins Medicine.

    Causes Of Heartburn And Acid Reflux


    Lots of people get heartburn from time to time. There’s often no obvious reason why.

    Sometimes it’s caused or made worse by:

    • certain food and drink such as coffee, tomatoes, alcohol, chocolate and fatty or spicy foods
    • being overweight
    • some medicines, such as anti-inflammatory painkillers
    • a hiatus hernia when part of your stomach moves up into your chest

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    Alginate Drugs Such As Gaviscon

    Gaviscon is probably the best-known heartburn therapy. It has a different mode of action than antacid drugs. Alginate drugs such as Gaviscon vary slightly in composition, but they usually contain an antacid.

    The alginic acid works by creating a mechanical barrier against the stomach acid, forming a foamy gel that sits at the top of the gastric pool itself.

    Any reflux is then relatively harmless as it consists of alginic acid and not damaging stomach acid.

    The active ingredientalginateis found naturally in brown algae.

    If you want to buy Gaviscon, then there is an excellent selection available online.

    Surprise: Antacids May Cause Constipation

    Antacids either chemically neutralize the acid in the stomach or bind to it physically to put it out of play. They usually show their effects immediately and the relief lasts for a short time. The most common types of antacids contain aluminum hydroxide. In a study done to evaluate the risk factors for chronic constipation, aluminum-based antacids featured prominently in the list. Aluminum inhibits the motor activity of the stomach and intestines, thereby causing constipation.

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