What Causes Acid Reflux
Acid reflux is the result of a problem that occurs during the digestive process. When you swallow, the lower esophageal sphincter normally relaxes to let food and liquid travel from your esophagus to your stomach. The LES is a circular band of muscles located between your esophagus and stomach. After food and liquid enter the stomach, the LES tightens and closes the opening. If these muscles relax irregularly or weaken over time, stomach acid can back up into your esophagus. This causes acid reflux and heartburn. Its considered erosive if an upper endoscopy shows breaks in the esophageal lining. Its considered nonerosive if the lining looks normal.
You may need an upper endoscopy so that your doctor can make sure there are no serious underlying reasons for your symptoms.
You may need this procedure if you have:
- difficulty or pain with swallowing
- GI bleeding
- anemia, or a low blood count
- weight loss
- repeated vomiting
If youre a man whos older than 50 years old and you have nighttime reflux, are overweight, or you smoke, you may also need an upper endoscopy to determine the cause of your symptoms.
The type of treatment for acid reflux that your doctor will suggest depends on your symptoms and your health history. Common treatments include:
Making some simple lifestyle changes can also help treat acid reflux. These include:
You should also avoid avoid foods and beverages that trigger acid reflux, including:
- citrus fruits
Symptoms more suggestive of heartburn may include:
Heartburn: A Symptom Of Gerd
More than 15 million Americans, usually adults but also children, have GERD. Many of these people deal with heartburn, its most common symptom, two or more times a week. The root cause of the disease is a faulty valve between the esophagus and the stomach, called the lower esophageal sphincter, that relaxes more often than it should. The result is that juice from the stomach — made up of acid, digestive enzymes, and other unpleasant substances — sneaks back up into the esophagus and damages its lining.
Why this happens isn’t always clear, but doctors do know that the valve may stop working properly if a person:
- Is overweight. Extra weight puts pressure on the valve, causing it to relax.
- Is pregnant. Hormones play a role in relaxing the valve, and the growing fetus puts pressure on the stomach.
- Has a hiatal hernia. This prevents the muscle wall between the chest and the stomach from supporting the valve as it should.
GERD can be just heartburn or heartburn plus other symptoms, including excessive clearing of the throat, problems swallowing, the feeling that food is stuck in your throat, burning in the mouth, and burning pain in the chest. Untreated, GERD can lead to serious health problems, so it needs to be taken seriously and managed with both medication and smart lifestyle choices, starting with maintaining a healthy weight.
How Is Indigestion Diagnosed
Your doctor will review your symptoms and perform a physical exam. They may order tests to determine the cause of indigestion. Those tests can include blood work, urine/stool tests, or an X-ray or ultrasound. Sometimes your doctor may perform an upper endoscopy to see inside your stomach. Your doctor will insert a thin tube with a camera on the end into your esophagus. This will be done after youre given medicines to go to sleep.
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Does Throwing Up Help Your Heartburn
Does anyone suffer the chest hurt and then get nauseous? This goes with crazily insane indigestion, but you just cant vomit naturally! So does throwing up help your heartburn if you can do it at last? Some people claimed that doing so will help them feel more comfortable afterward, but others argue that frequent vomiting is also a matter of concern. Then whats the truth behind it? Lets find out!
How Is Gerd Diagnosed
Usually your provider can tell if you have simple acid reflux by talking with you about your symptoms and medical history. You and your provider can talk about controlling your symptoms through diet and medications.
If these strategies dont help, your provider may ask you to get tested for GERD. Tests for GERD include:
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Heartburn That Wakes You Up At Night Treatment Gaviscon
Inflammation there might be due to acid reflux (gastrooesophageal reflux disease bloating burping and pain in bleeding anaemia weight loss and difficulty The signs and symptoms of your body pain means there is something wrong going in there and needs immediate attention. Pain under left rib cage can Following are some of th most common attributes of pain in the left rib cage area: Heartburn or acid Right Side Abdominal Pain and gave me RX for acid pills and follow up with I hope all that read this are careful. NEVER USE DEPO-PROVERA.
Viral Or Bacterial Infection
Everyone has experienced a sore throat, a painful inflammation of the back part of the throat, at some point in their lives, with the most common cause being a virus. In addition to a burning, itchy, or raw throat, especially when swallowing, someone with a viral infection of the throat may also experience a cough, runny nose, hoarseness, and/or diarrhea .
Antibiotics don’t work against viruses, so treating the symptoms with rest, over-the-counter pain meds, saltwater gargles, and throat lozenges or anesthetic throat sprays is the recommended course of action.
Less commonly, the cause of an infection is bacterial, and this is called strep throat. It requires a trip to your doctor for an antibiotic, since if left untreated it can spread and lead to serious complications like rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, and kidney inflammation.
Other signs and symptoms of strep throat often include:
- Swollen and tender lymph nodes in the neck
- White patches on the tonsils
- Body aches
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When To Call The Doctor About Heartburn Or Reflux
If you have any of the following heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms or conditions, contact your doctor.
- Your heartburn symptoms have become more severe or frequent.
- You are having difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowing, especially with solid foods or pills.
- Your heartburn is causing you to have nausea or vomiting .
- You’ve experienced a drastic or unexplained weight loss accompanied by heartburn.
- You have a chronic cough, choking sensation or sense of a lump in your throat.
- You have been using over-the-counter antacid medications for more than two weeks , and you still have heartburn symptoms.
- You have heartburn symptoms even after taking prescription or nonprescription medications.
- You have chronic hoarseness or wheezing, or your asthma has worsened.
- Your discomfort interferes with your lifestyle or daily activities.
- You are having chest pain accompanied by pain in the neck, jaw, arms, or legs shortness of breath, weakness, irregular pulse, or sweating.
Is Dyspepsia A Serious Condition
Most often, medicine can take care of this condition.
Sometimes dyspepsia can be the sign of a serious problemfor example, a deep stomach ulcer.
If you have dyspepsia, talk to your family doctor. This is especially important if any one of the following is true for you:
You’re over 50 years of age
You recently lost weight without trying to
You have trouble swallowing
You have black, tarry bowel movements
You can feel a mass in your stomach area
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She Had Terrible Heartburn And Vomiting But Her Problem Was Not In Her Stomach
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The 46-year-old woman suddenly felt too weak to stand. She slowly lowered herself to her kitchen floor. Shed been vomiting for the past five weeks, and her throat was raw from the acid. She was given IV fluids a couple of weeks earlier because she couldnt keep up with what she was losing.
She lay on the floor a long time. Her only movement was from the hiccups that had become her sometime companion since all this started. Her phone rang. It was a friend who had planned to visit. Instead, the friend came and took her to the E.R. at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in West Hollywood. Once there, the woman still felt awful, but at least she wasnt at home alone, worrying that she might die.
Why You Should Never Ignore Gerd
After several years, untreated GERD erodes the lining of the esophagus, and as a protective mechanism, the esophagus starts to create a new lining with cells that resemble the makeup of the intestine. At this stage, GERD has progressed into a precancerous condition known as Barrett’s esophagus, bringing with it a 30-fold increased risk of eventually developing esophageal cancer.
Esophageal cancer is deadly — only about 15% of people are still alive five years after being diagnosed, according to the American Cancer Society. And it’s more common among individuals who have long suffered from GERD that is not properly treated.
According to a study published in TheNew England Journal of Medicine, cancer of the esophagus was nearly eight times as likely among people who suffered from heartburn at least once a week, and almost 44 times as likely in those who had severe, frequent heartburn for more than 20 years. Almost all of these people had only sporadic treatment for GERD, not long-term treatment.
If you have GERD, and you are having any of these symptoms, tell your doctor right away:
- If difficulty swallowing or a feeling like food is trapped behind the breastbone becomes a new symptom of your GERD.
- If you vomit blood or have black, tarry bowel movements.
- If you have the sensation of acid reflux into the windpipe causing shortness of breath, coughing, or hoarseness.
- If you lose weight unexpectedly or without trying.
Can Indigestion Be Prevented Or Avoided
There are ways to prevent indigestion. To start, you need to know your body and how it reacts to different food and drinks. Spicy and acidic foods and carbonated drinks can trigger indigestion. Try to avoid those things when possible. Eat smaller meals throughout the day, and dont eat too late at night. Dont lie down too soon after eating. Limit the use of alcohol. If you use tobacco, try to quit. Stress and lack of sleep also can worsen symptoms.
But When I Throw Up My Acid Reflux Becomes Relieved
It is possible for some people with GERD to feel better after throwing up. But this is either a short-living relief and is usually due to a full stomach as a result of binge eating or drinking.
Also, getting relieved by vomiting should raise the question: is it GERD or maybe something else?
Improvement after throwing up may also indicate another overlooked condition called gastroparesis
Gastroparesis occurs when your stomach loses its spontaneous movement that helps its emptying. And as a result, the food stays longer inside your stomach and triggers symptoms including:
- Nausea after eating for a long time.
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The Short Answer: Does Throwing Up Makes Acid Reflux Better
There is no scientific evidence that spontaneous or self-induced throwing up can make your acid reflux symptoms better. Moreover, it can result in worsening symptoms of GERD or complications in the long term.
Throwing up can be a symptom of severe gastroesophageal reflux disease . Or a reflection of co-existing diseases such as gastroparesis.
If you practice self-induced throwing up, you may need to stop and seek medical help by your doctor to avoid further damage or worsening of your condition.
Frequent throwing up leads to more acid and Pepsin enzyme exposure, which can lead to increased frequency of GERD attacks and subsequently more complications .
Throwing up to make your acid reflux symptoms better is probably a bad idea in the long term. and we will explain to you why in the next section.
Acid Reflux Vomiting Home Remedies
Vomiting can occur due to many underlying reasons. Acid reflux is just one of them. Frequent vomiting is certainly a cause of concern. You should seek medical help if you observe regular vomiting at least once a week. Once it is established that the vomiting is being caused by acid reflux then you must start taking action to stop it.
A sour taste in the throat after food is a sure sign of food moving up in the esophagus. This is acid reflux producing heartburn like symptoms. It may or may not induce vomiting. The frequent acid reflux will damage the food pipe lining and can lead to many other complications including cancer.
Vomiting immediately after eating food or within the next couple of hours is an indication of the acid reflux induced vomiting. We now have two issues to resolve. One is the causes of acid reflux and the other is the prevention of vomiting. Change your food habits to acid reflux diet that reduces heartburn and vomiting.
Acid reflux in an otherwise healthy person is usually caused either by stress or by wrong eating habits such as overeating or eating too fast etc. Too much stress particularly due to certain short term anxieties such is losing a job and worried about finances or any other such anxiety can be responsible for the stress.
Believe it or not anxiety is one of the other causes of overeating. Eating slowly will reduce the anxiety also.
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Arm Pain: Heartburn Or Something Else
Heart attack survivors often recount their first symptom as a heartburn-like sensation. Many patients explicitly use the word heartburn when recounting their cardiac experience. Patients often realize that their heartburn is in fact not reflux-related but heart-related when:
- There is a pain radiating up the arm, specifically the left arm
- They have no history of acid reflux
- There is a burning sensation in the chest
- They have not eaten anything prior to the pain
- The pain doesnt go away with antacid
If your heartburn symptoms dont go away after taking an antacid, and are accompanied by arm pain and back pain, we suggest going to an emergency facility immediately to get medical help.
What Are The Symptoms Of Gerd
Heartburn, which involves a painful burning sensation in the chest, is the most common symptom of GERD, but not all cases of GERD involve heartburn.
Another common symptom of GERD is regurgitation, which means a small amount of stomach acid and sometimes bits of food come up into the mouth or back of the throat.
When leaks of stomach acid rise to the mouth and throat, it can cause coughing and a feeling of choking. It may cause a sore throat, including a hoarse voice. Some patients experience difficulty swallowing, known as dysphagia, or the feeling of something blocking their throat.
On top of the discomfort from heartburn, GERD can cause radiating chest pain that can affect the neck, back, jaw, or arms and last for minutes to hours. This symptom is frequently associated with nighttime awakenings for people with GERD.
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When Do Acid Reflux Symptoms Occur
Acid reflux symptoms most often occur:
- After eating a heavy meal
- When bending over or lifting an object
- When lying down, especially on your back
People who have frequent acid reflux symptoms most often experience them at night. Nighttime GERD also produces the most pain. However, the level of pain does not always indicate the degree of damage to your esophagus.
More than half of all pregnant women experience heartburn during pregnancy. Increased hormones and pressure from a growing fetus can combine to produce this acid reflux symptom. In most cases, heartburn improves or completely goes away after delivery.
Can Gerd Cause Asthma
We dont know the exact relationship between GERD and asthma. More than 75% of people with asthma have GERD. They are twice as likely to have GERD as people without asthma. GERD may make asthma symptoms worse, and asthma drugs may make GERD worse. But treating GERD often helps to relieve asthma symptoms.
The symptoms of GERD can injure the lining of the throat, airways and lungs, making breathing difficult and causing a persistent cough, which may suggest a link. Doctors mostly look at GERD as a cause of asthma if:
- Asthma begins in adulthood.
- Asthma symptoms get worse after a meal, exercise, at night and after lying down.
- Asthma doesnt get better with standard asthma treatments.
If you have asthma and GERD, your healthcare provider can help you find the best ways to handles both conditions the right medications and treatments that wont aggravate symptoms of either disease.
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Diagnosing H Pylori Infection
If your GP thinks that your symptoms may be due to an infection with H pylori bacteria, you may need to have a test for it, such as:
- a stool antigen test a pea-sized stool sample will be tested for H pylori bacteria
- a breath test
- a blood test a blood sample will be tested for antibodies to H pylori bacteria
Antibiotics and PPIs can affect the results of a urea breath test or a stool antigen test. Therefore, these tests may need to be delayed until two weeks after you last used a PPI, and four weeks after you last used an antibiotic.
How Do You Know What Is The Cause
Detailed history and examination by doctor along with few investigations is required for the diagnosis of the particular cause of heartburn. Your doctor can do urea breath tests for knowing if there is presence of H pylori in the intestine or not. Further, upper endoscopy may be required where your doctor looks upon the causes in stomach with a thin pipe inserted via your mouth.
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