Total Gastrectomy Or Oesophagogastrectomy
If your cancer is in the middle or at the top of your stomach, you may need to have a total gastrectomy. If the cancer is close to the end of your oesophagus, where it meets your stomach, you may need to have an oesophagogastrectomy.
If you have a total gastrectomy, the end of your gullet will be joined to the top of your jejunum . If you have an oesophagogastrectomy, the remaining part of your gullet will be joined to your jejunum.
Change Your Urinary Habits
If you suddenly change your urinary habits, you can have a risk of ovarian cancer. You will suffer from several changes such as the frequent urination, having spotting blood in urine or loss of bladder control.
The pressure caused by the tumor or fluid in your abdomen which is prompted by the appearance of the tumor is the reason causing urinary changes.
A study in 2004 had an analysis about the symptoms of ovarian cancer in 107 patients. The study showed that women having ovarian cancer of stage I and II commonly suffered from urinary urgency and abdominal pain.
For several women having a urinary tract infection or weak pelvic floor muscles, they may also suffer from these changes in urination. However, it is always recommended for you to consult your doctor.
Stomach Cancer: Surgeon Explains The Symptoms
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Cancer describes what happens when abnormal cells divide uncontrollably in the body and infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue. While the symptoms differ, depending on where the cancer has started and has spread to, one feature which is common across all cancers is that early intervention greatly improves your chances of curing it. The problem is, most people disregard the warning signs because they are often symptomatic of less serious conditions.
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What Are Genes And What Do They Have To Do With Ovarian Cancer
Genes are a part of your DNA and are essentially the blueprint your cells use to reproduce themselves. Youre born with a particular genetic makeup. Your genes can be influenced by your family and by changes that happen to your genes over time. These changes are called mutations. Two of the most common gene mutations that have been pinpointed as being related to ovarian cancer are BRCA1 and BRCA2.
The BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are inherited meaning you get part of each gene from each parent. Your genes are twin pieces . You could have a mutation in one part of the gene without having cancer. However, if both parts of the gene are mutated, cancer can develop. BRCA1 and BRCA2 typically suppress the growth of cancerous cells. Mutations keep these genes from doing their job and preventing abnormal cell growth. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are also linked to breast cancer.
Gene mutations arent always inherited. Throughout your life, your genes can change. A somatic mutation is one that happens over time. One common genetic mutation thats seen in ovarian cancer is a somatic mutation of the TP53 gene. The mutation changes part of the gene the protein called the p53 protein. This protein normally works to fight tumors and keep them from developing. However, when its changed by this mutation, it cant keep the tumor from growing. This same process can happen to many different genes in your body and they can all contribute to cancer growth.
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When Should I Call My Doctor About My Heartburn
Even though heartburn is common, it can sometimes lead to more serious health problems. Severe, chronic heartburn has been linked to inflammation and narrowing of the esophagus, respiratory problems, chronic cough, GERD, and Barretts esophagus, which may lead to esophageal cancer.
You should contact your doctor if:
- Your heartburn wont go away.
- Your heartburn symptoms become more severe or frequent.
- Its hard or hurts to swallow.
- Your heartburn causes you to vomit.
- You have had substantial, unexpected weight loss.
- You take over-the-counter antacids for more than two weeks and you still have heartburn symptoms.
- You have heartburn symptoms even after taking prescription medicines.
- You have serious hoarseness or wheezing.
- Your discomfort interferes with your lifestyle or daily activities.
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Warning Signs Of Esophageal Cancer
Most warning signs of esophageal cancer are associated with problems related to eating, drinking, swallowing and digestion. In most cases, esophageal cancer doesnt cause symptoms until it has reached an advanced stage.
At Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, our specialists perform thorough evaluations, helping to detect esophageal cancer as early as possible. When a doctor can identify esophageal cancer in the early stages, successful treatment is more likely.
Types Of Ovarian Cancer
The ovaries are made up of three types of cells. Each cell can develop into a different type of tumor:
- Epithelial tumors form in the layer of tissue on the outside of the ovaries. About 90 percent of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors.
- Stromal tumors grow in the hormone-producing cells. Seven percent of ovarian cancers are stromal tumors.
- Germ cell tumors develop in the egg-producing cells. Germ cell tumors are rare.
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Milk Duct Conditions And Infections
Several benign but painful conditions can develop inside your breast milk ducts.
- An abscess under your nipple or areola can causing pain, redness, and heat.
- Milk ducts can become clogged, causing a firm, tender lump.
- Mastitis is an infection in a clogged duct. It makes the breast swollen, tender, warm, and red.
- Ductal ectasia is another possible infection. It causes tenderness, irritation, redness, and possibly a thick, sticky discharge from the nipple.
- Breast cysts and fibroadenomas are growths that may crowd breast structures, creating aches and pains.
Symptoms Of Secondary Breast Cancer
Secondary breast cancer means that a cancer that began in the breast has spread to another part of the body. Secondary cancer can also be called advanced or metastatic cancer.
It might not mean that you have secondary breast cancer if you have the symptoms described below. They can be caused by other conditions.
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How Is Gerd Diagnosed
A physician can often make a GERD diagnosis based on patient symptoms, says Tsion Abdi, M.D., an assistant professor of medicine in the division of gastroenterology at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore. To confirm a diagnosis or check for complications, doctors may recommend further evaluation with upper endoscopy, motility testing such as an ambulatory acid probe test or imaging with a barium swallow, he adds. In a barium swallow test, you gulp a thick, chalky drink. As you swallow the barium, a radiologist takes pictures via x-rays or fluoroscopy to see how the barium moving through your mouth and throat.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer Program At Ctca
Thats why we developed the CTCA Inflammatory Breast Cancer Program, where our team of breast cancer experts work quickly to properly diagnose and stage each patient’s disease so she can make more informed decisions about her treatment options. Our breast cancer experts collaborate daily, allowing them to reach a diagnosis more efficiently and provide an individualized care plan designed to allow you to start treatment as soon as possible. The team also offers opportunities to enroll qualified patients in carefully selected clinical trials in areas such as immunotherapy and genomically targeted chemotherapy.
If you believe you may be experiencing symptoms of IBC and want to schedule an appointment for diagnostic testing, or chat online with a member of our team.
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Does Breast Pain Increase Breast Cancer Risk
Though it’s uncommon, there are some painful breast conditions that may raise your risk of developing breast cancer. Both radial scars and multiple or complex fibroadenomas increase your risk of breast cancer Many breast conditions which cause pain pose little to no increased risk of breast cancer. Duct ectasia does not increase the risk of developing breast cancer, and while simple fibroadenomas do not increase the risk of breast cancer, complex fibroadenomas only slightly increase the risk.
When Should You Get Tested For Gerd Or Stomach Cancer
You should make an appointment with your doctor if you have any concerning symptoms of GERD or stomach cancer including: frequent vomiting throat pain, loss of appetite, or stomach pain that lasts more than a week or unintentional weight loss.
Also important to know: One symptom of GERD is chest pain, which, according to the Mayo Clinic, can also be a symptom of a heart attack. You should seek immediate medical attention if you have chest pain especially if you also have a shortness of breath and jaw or arm pain.
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Chronic Cough And Chest Pain
At times, symptoms of cancers like leukemia and lung tumors can mimic a bad cough or bronchitis. The problem may persist or come-and-go in repeating cycles. There may also be chest pain extending into the shoulder or down the arm. Consult a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
Also, get yourself checked by a doctor if you have a cough and hoarse voice for more than six weeks, especially if you smoke or have smoked in the past. Occasionally, a hoarse voice may be a symptom of laryngeal, thyroid, esophageal, or lung cancer.
Breastfeeding Reveals Something Wrong
After finishing breastfeeding her youngest son, Cramer, then 34, performed a breast self-exam and noticed her left breast didnt feel right. When she went to her follow-up in October, she mentioned it to the doctor and asked for a mammogram. Her mother had a benign cyst removed from her breast when she was 34 and Cramer figured she was experiencing the same thing.
He did find a spot that he was concerned about so he wanted them to check out that area on a mammogram, she said. It was like a 50% chance it was cancer.
Further testing revealed that she had invasive ductal carcinoma, a breast cancer that was estrogen and progesterone receptor positive, HER2 negative.
I didnt really have any other risk factors. I didnt have any of the genes for breast cancer, Cramer said. I wasnt overweight. I nursed all my three children for a year. I exercised. I started having children before the age of 30. I didnt have my first period before I was 11 I was pretty surprised I did have cancer.
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Blood In Urine Or Stool
Blood in urine, streaks of blood or blood droplets in urine are indicative of some issues with your urinary tract It could be a kidney problem or bacterial infection such as E. coli. Kidney stones, urinary tract infections, prostate issues in men can cause blood to appear in the urine. But blood in urine may also be due to kidney or bladder cancer. Similarly, haemorrhoids can also be the cause for blood in stools and even colon cancer could also be the cause for blood in the stool.
How Sex Might Be Affected
With some types of radiation therapy involving the pelvis and/or sex organs, men and women may notice changes in their ability to enjoy sex or a decrease in their level of desire.
For women: During radiation treatment to the pelvis, some women are told not to have sex. Some women may find sex painful. Treatment can also cause vaginal itching, burning, and dryness. You most likely will be able to have sex within a few weeks after treatment ends, but check with your doctor first. Some types of treatment can have long-term effects, such as scar tissue that could affect the ability of the vagina to stretch during sex. Again, your cancer care team can offer ways to help if this happens to you. You can also get more information in Sex and Women With Cancer.
For men: Radiation may affect the nerves that allow a man to have erections. If erection problems do occur, they are usually gradual, over the course of many months or years. Talk with your doctor about treatment options if this is a concern for you. You can get more information in Sex and Men With Cancer.
If you get internal radiation therapy with seed implants, check with your cancer care team about safety precautions during sex
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When Heartburn Goes Untreated
You probably know that heartburn is actually a misnomer, as it has nothing to with the heart. Instead, it happens when the acid our stomach uses to digest food travels up into the esophagus, damaging it.
When it continues for a long time, a condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease , or GERD, occurs.
If its not treated, GERD can lead to the following escalating series of illnesses:
- Esophagitis: Inflammation in the lining of the esophagus, often due to stomach acid.
- Barretts esophagus: If GERD continues, the cells that line the esophagus begin to change in ways that make cancer more likely. Identifying and curing this condition before it turns into cancer is a key way to prevent it.
- Esophageal cancer: This is among the rarest but also the most serious threats of long-term heartburn.
Not everyone with esophageal cancer experiences heartburn. More than 40 percent of people with Barretts esophagus dont have heartburn or other symptoms.
In these patients, doctors sometimes find esophagus damage by accident when hes examining them for other reasons.
But not everyone has an equal risk for esophageal cancer. And those who are at higher risk should pay extra attention.
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The Breast Cancer Centers At Ctca
At the Breast Cancer Centers at each of our CTCA® hospitals, located across the nation, our cancer experts are devoted to a single missiontreating breast cancer patients with compassion and precision. Each patients care team is led by a medical oncologist and coordinated by a registered oncology nurse, who helps track the various appointments, follow up on tests and answer questions that come up along the way. Your care team also may include a breast surgeon, radiation oncologist, radiologist, pathologist and a plastic and reconstructive surgeon with advanced training in helping patients restore function and appearance. Fertility preservation and genetic testing are also available for qualifying patients who need them.
Our pathologists and oncologists are experienced and trained in tools designed to diagnose, stage and treat different types of breast cancer, from early-stage ductal carcinoma in situ to complex diseases such as triple-negative and inflammatory breast cancer. As part of our patient-centered care model, which is designed to help you keep strong during treatment, your multidisciplinary care team may recommend various evidence-informed supportive therapies, such as naturopathic support, psychosocial support, nutritional support, physical and occupational therapy and pain management. The entire team works together with a whole-person focus, which is at the heart of our centers dedication to personalized and comprehensive care.
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How Do Antacids Work To Treat Heartburn
Antacids reduce the amount of stomach acid, relieving your heartburn. These medications can also be used to soothe stomach upset, indigestion and other pains in your stomach. Some antacids contain simethicone, which reduces gas. Antacids that you can get without a prescription include:
Make sure you always follow the instructions on the package or talk to your doctor about the right way to use an antacid. If you use tablets, chew them well before swallowing for faster relief.
How Stomach Cancer Spreads
There are 3 ways stomach cancer can spread:
- directly the cancer can spread from the stomach into nearby tissues and organs, such as the pancreas, colon, small intestine and peritoneum
- through the lymphatic system the lymphatic system is a series of glands located throughout your body, similar to the blood circulatory system the glands produce specialised cells needed by your immune system to fight infection
- through the blood which can cause the cancer to spread from the stomach to other parts of the body, most commonly the liver
Stomach cancer that spreads to another part of the body is known as metastatic stomach cancer.
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Breast Cancer Types And Symptoms
There are several kinds of breast cancer. Many of them share symptoms.
Symptoms of ductal carcinoma
This is the most common type of breast cancer. It begins in your ducts. About 1 in 5 new breast cancers are ductal carcinoma in situ . This means you have cancer in the cells that line your ducts, but it hasnât spread into nearby tissue.
You may not notice any symptoms of ductal carcinoma. It can also cause a breast lump or bloody discharge.
Symptoms of lobular carcinoma
This kind begins in the glands that make milk, called lobules. Itâs the second most common type of breast cancer. Symptoms include:
- Fullness, thickening, or swelling in one area
- Nipples that are flat or point inward
Symptoms of invasive breast cancer
Breast cancer thatâs spread from where it began into the tissues around it is called invasive or infiltrating. You may notice:
- A lump in your breast or armpit. You might not be able to move it separately from your skin or move it at all.
- One breast that looks different from the other
- A rash or skin thatâs thick, red, or dimpled like an orange
- Skin sores
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Muscle weakness
Symptoms of triple-negative breast cancer
Breast cancer is called triple-negative if it doesnât have receptors for the hormones estrogen and progesterone and doesnât make a lot of a protein called HER2. This kind tends to grow and spread faster than other types, and doctors treat it differently.
Symptoms of male breast cancer
- A small, hard cyst