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Most Common Causes Of Heartburn

There’s Too Much Fructose In Your Diet

Acid reflux and heartburn: common causes and treatment

Is your diet full of fatty foods like soda, candy, cookies, and other sugary substances? If so, then it could be the cause of your heartburn. “Most Americans consume far too much fructose in their diet and this can lead to heartburn,” explains Ken Berry, MD, author of Lies My Doctor Told Me. “Eating or drinking too much fructose, or high-fructose corn syrup, can inflame the stomach and overwork the liver, and so decreasing the number of soft drinks and fruit juices consumed can often improve heartburn quite a bit.”

Top 10 Ways To Prevent Heartburn That Work Instantly

Heartburn is one of the most common health problems, with about 50% of adults experiencing it at some point in their life.

Heartburn can be caused by a number of factors, including too much alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods and cigarette smoking.

If you’re experiencing heartburn regularly, here are 10 ways to prevent it that work instantly:

  • Chew gum
  • Drink lots of water every day
  • Eat smaller meals more often
  • Eat large meals less often
  • Get plenty of rest
  • What Kinds Of Complications Are Caused By Frequent Heartburn

    • Excess stomach acid in the esophagus can cause ulcers, damage to the inner layers of the esophageal wall, and narrowing .
    • Very rarely, the esophagus may bleed or tear completely because it is so damaged. In severe cases, a person may vomit blood or have small amounts of blood in bowel movements, found only on testing the stool.
    • Regurgitated stomach acid can damage the respiratory tract, causing asthma, hoarseness, chronic cough, sore throat, or tooth damage . A person may feel as if he or she has a lump in the throat.
    • If the acid exposure continues for long periods of time, the esophagus becomes thick and damaged. A person may then have difficulty swallowing and food becomes stuck.

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    What Is The Treatment For Heartburn

    The health care professional will recommend treating heartburn in a stepwise fashion. For mild or occasional symptoms, simple lifestyle modifications may be enough. The next step is nonprescription antacids such as Maalox, Mylanta, Tums, or Rolaids. Other treatments include acid blockers and even surgery. In most cases, one or more of these treatments provide relief from heartburn and prevent it from turning into a more serious disease.

    I take nonprescription antacids for heartburn, but they don’t seem to help.

    Nonprescription antacids are only part of the treatment for heartburn. They can work very well, but these antacids alone usually can’t stop heartburn. A health care professional will probably recommend that the patient make lifestyle changes in addition to other treatments.

    What kind of lifestyle changes and remedies can I make to reduce heartburn?

    Try any or all of the following:

    Will these changes stop the heartburn?

    They may. If they don’t, adding a nonprescription antacid can be helpful.

    How do antacids work?

    What if lifestyle changes and antacids don’t work?

    If a person still has symptoms after lifestyle modifications and antacids, a health care professional probably will prescribe a stronger drug. The usual choice is one of the histamine-2 blockers, or acid blockers. These drugs block the biochemical process that creates acid in the stomach.

    What are acid blockers?

    Can Exercise Be A Cause Of Heartburn

    Most Common Heartburn Causes &  Symptoms

    Exercise can trigger heartburn. Sometimes that√Ęs due to increased pressure on the abdomen, which can increase the risk of acid reflux. In one study looking at different types of exercise, weightlifters had the most heartburn and acid reflux. Runners had milder symptoms and less reflux than weightlifters. Cyclists had the least reflux.

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    Take A Proactive Approach

    Thats why, if you have had heartburn or acid reflux consistently for longer than three years, you should have an endoscopy, says Brown. An endoscopy is a simple procedure where a specially designed scope is used to examine the esophagus and take tissue samples, when necessary.

    The tissue samples or biopsies are examined to look for any abnormal cell growth, Brown explains. The hope is that well be able to catch any abnormal cells before they become cancerous.

    Patients who are diagnosed with Barretts typically undergo repeat endoscopies one year and three years later. If precancerous cells are seen at that point, treatment may involve surgical removal of the esophagus to prevent eventual progression to cancer.

    But a technique available at Rush, the HALO Ablation System, enables doctors to use radiofrequency ablation to remove Barretts tissue completely, without invasive surgery and with relatively few complications.

    HALO ablation has shown to be an effective alternative to surgery in select patients, says Brown. However, the good news is that most patients with Barretts will never progress to the point that they require this level of intervention.

    Are There Any Tests For Heartburn

    If it is obvious from the symptoms that a person has heartburn, no tests or exams may be necessary. Advice in regard to lifestyle modifications, diet, or medications may begin immediately.

    If your health care professional is not sure about the diagnosis, or if he or she is concerned about damage done by chronic heartburn, tests may be ordered. This is true especially if the patient has already been prescribed medications that are not relieving the heartburn.

    There is no simple blood test for heartburn. The tests used to diagnose heartburn include the following:

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    Is There Surgery To Treat Gerd

    GERD is usually controlled with medications and lifestyle changes . If these dont work, or if you cant take medications for an extended period, surgery may be a solution.

    • Laparoscopic antireflux surgery is the standard surgical treatment. Its a minimally invasive procedure that fixes your acid reflux by creating a new valve mechanism at the bottom of your esophagus. The surgeon wraps the upper part of the stomach around the lower portion of the esophagus. This reinforces the lower esophageal sphincter so food wont reflux back into the esophagus.
    • LINX deviceimplantation is another minimally invasive surgery. A LINX device is a ring of tiny magnets that are strong enough to keep the junction between the stomach and esophagus closed to refluxing acid but weak enough to allow food to pass through.

    Severity Of Constant Heartburn

    What causes heartburn? – Rusha Modi

    As per research, Individuals who endure frequent episodes of acid heartburn are 78% more prone to get throat cancer. Specialists, who published their discoveries in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, have revealed that using stomach antacids has defensive results. People who have experienced the ill effects of indigestion yet take acid neutralizers have a 41% chances to bring down the danger of throat cancer than those who dont take the medicines.

    Hence, people who have constantly suffered heartburn ought to counsel a doctor to discover what might be causing it.

    Written, Edited or Reviewed By:Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc.This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimerLast Modified On: April 4, 2018

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    Heartburn Triggers: Heartburn And Exercise

    Need an excuse to skip the sit-ups? Crunches and ab work can trigger heartburn. Body positions that involve bending over increase pressure on the abdomen, thrusting stomach acids back up into the esophagus. So you feel the burn — but not the type you’d expect from going to the gym. Keep in mind that leg lifts also work the abdominal muscles and may aggravate heartburn symptoms too.

    Activities such as headstands and yoga moves like downward dog can reverse the natural flow of stomach contents and may trigger heartburn. Jarring exercises, such as jogging or aerobics, can slosh stomach contents around and upward if you have a weak LES.

    Heartburn is no reason not to exercise. In fact, weight loss from exercise can actually help heartburn. But never exercise on a full stomach. Doing so increases abdominal pressure, which makes heartburn more likely. Food takes several hours to digest so it really is a matter of what works for you. Most experts recommend waiting about two hours after eating before working out.

    When Should I Call My Doctor About My Heartburn

    Even though heartburn is common, it can sometimes lead to more serious health problems. Severe, chronic heartburn has been linked to inflammation and narrowing of the esophagus, respiratory problems, chronic cough, GERD, and Barretts esophagus, which may lead to esophageal cancer.

    You should contact your doctor if:

    • Your heartburn wont go away.
    • Your heartburn symptoms become more severe or frequent.
    • Its hard or hurts to swallow.
    • Your heartburn causes you to vomit.
    • You have had substantial, unexpected weight loss.
    • You take over-the-counter antacids for more than two weeks and you still have heartburn symptoms.
    • You have heartburn symptoms even after taking prescription medicines.
    • You have serious hoarseness or wheezing.
    • Your discomfort interferes with your lifestyle or daily activities.

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    Home Remedies For Burping

    If you find that you tend to burp a lot after eating, the following home remedies may help to ease or reduce your burping:

    • Go for a walk after eating. After a meal, light physical activity may help to move food through your digestive tract.
    • Take an antacid. If your burping is accompanied by acid reflux or heartburn, an over-the-counter antacid may help.
    • Try gas medication. Over-the-counter drugs such as Gas-X and Mylanta Gas contain simethicone, which helps gas bubbles in your stomach bind together. As a result, you may not burp as frequently.
    • Chew fennel seeds. In certain cultures, people chew fennel seeds after eating to improve their digestion. While not scientifically proven, fennel seeds dont carry a serious risk of side effects.
    • Drink tea. Some herbal teas, such as chamomile and ginger tea, may improve burping associated with indigestion and acid reflux.

    The key to reducing how often you burp is to limit how much air you swallow, especially when you eat and drink.

    The following tips may help reduce the frequency of your burping:

    • Slow down while youre eating and drinking.
    • Avoid talking while youre chewing your food.
    • Try not to gulp drinks and avoid using straws.
    • Eat smaller meals.
    • Try to cut back on chewing gum and lozenges.

    Besides paying attention to your eating and drinking habits, the following may also help reduce how often you burp:

    Reducing stomach acid has been found to reduce burping. A

    Sodas And Carbonated Beverages

    Heartburn: Overview and More

    Many people find they get heartburn after drinking sodas and carbonated beverages.

    Research suggests that these drinks may relax the esophageal sphincter and increase the acidity of stomach acid two risk factors for heartburn .

    In fact, soft drink consumption is considered a major contributor to heartburn that occurs at night, which is known as nocturnal heartburn .

    Some studies have found a link between drinking soft drinks and worsened symptoms in people with GERD.

    For example, an older study found that people who consumed carbonated beverages had a 69% higher risk of developing reflux symptoms like heartburn .

    If you experience heartburn after drinking soda or other carbonated beverages, its best to limit your intake or cut out carbonated drinks completely.


    Sodas and other carbonated beverages may cause heartburn by relaxing the lower esophageal sphincter. If sodas or other carbonated beverages give you heartburn, consider cutting back or avoiding them completely.

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    Causes Of Heartburn In Women

    • Heart Disease:

    Chest pain or angina that happens due to lack of blood flow from heart usually cause heartburn. The chances are more when you are involved in some moderate or strenuous activity. In case if you have crossed the age group of 50 and are feeling heartburn for the very first time, this condition can increase suspicion of angina. The suspicions may also rise in younger patients when they are already suffering from diabetes, hypertension or have a long family history of heart diseases.

    • Gallstones:

    Gallstones are not always the prime cause of heartburn but the stone obstructing your bite can cause discomfort. It usually happens on the upper right side or middle of the abdomen. Pain associated with this condition may be dull, cramping, and sharp or may even strike hard right after you finish your meals.

    • Stomach Ulcers:

    • Hiatal Hernia:

    • Esophageal cancer:

    Earlier, this condition was rare but within past few years, several cases of esophageal cancer have been reported in the United States. In case if you are suffering heartburn, there are chances that it happens due to esophageal cancer however, chances are rare. In order to examine this condition, your doctors may follow upper endoscopy. People who drink or smoke heavily are often at risk of esophageal cancer.

    • Gastroparesis:

    • Lifestyle habits:

    What Are The Symptoms Of Heartburn

    There are many symptoms that precede heartburn, which include feeling nauseous, having a bitter taste in the mouth, and being lightheaded. The symptoms of heartburn also vary depending on the severity of it.

    For example, if someone has mild heartburn, they might experience just a burning sensation in their chest that lasts for only a few seconds. If someone has severe heartburn, they might feel like their throat and skin are on fire and experience shortness of breath.

    Heartburn can be caused by different factors such as overeating or eating too fast or too large meals within an hour before bedtime. It can also be prevented with lifestyle changes such as avoiding heavy meals and not smoking.

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    Certain Food Items Can Trigger Heartburn

    there are many types of food items that are commonly known to trigger heartburn and acidity. Apart from fatty foods, spicy food items and those with higher acid content can start off acid reflux.

    Food items such as tomatoes, citrus fruits, peppermint, garlic, onions, and several spices are well-known heartburn triggers. Tomatoes, garlic, and spices irritate the gut and cause increased acid production.

    Fruits and vegetables that have high acid contents such as citruses increase the amount of total acid in the stomach. Conversely, such food items decrease the pH of the gut and make it more acidic.

    How to avoid: eating a large number of citrus fruits, tomatoes, and curry products, foods that contain a lot of spices, onions, and garlic is a strict no-no. Small amounts of such items can be taken if the person does not suffer from severe acid reflux but large meals containing these items should be avoided.

    How Do Antacids Work To Treat Heartburn

    GERD and Acid Reflux. Common Causes.

    Antacids help neutralize the acid your stomach makes. They provide fast, short-term relief of heartburn symptoms. Antacids work differently from H2 blockers and PPIs, which reduce or block stomach acid.

    They are not intended for daily use. You should take antacids shortly after eating or when you experience symptoms.

    Antacids come in liquid, tablet, or gummy form. Most contain one or more of the following ingredients:

    • calcium
    • aluminum
    • magnesium

    Antacids are typically considered safe, but they may cause some side effects, such as diarrhea or constipation.

    Make sure to follow the directions on the label and avoid overusing antacids. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about using an antacid or if you experience any complications after taking one.

    NIDDK . During the appointment when youre diagnosed, your doctor can recommend a treatment plan.

    You may need to see your healthcare professional again if lifestyle changes, OTC medication, or prescription medication dont improve your symptoms. This may be a sign that you have a more serious condition called GERD.

    To diagnose GERD, your doctor will review your medical history and ask you about your symptoms. They may also order several tests, including:

    Depending on your diagnosis, your doctor will be able to provide you with treatment options to help reduce or eliminate your symptoms.

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    What Can Cause Heartburn

    Heartburn is the feeling of pain and discomfort in the chest area that can be caused by acid reflux, a buildup of stomach acid. Acid reflux happens when stomach contents are suddenly forced up into the esophagus, but it also may happen when food sits in the stomach too long.

    When acid from the stomach mixes with digestive juices, it can produce an uncomfortable burning sensation known as heartburn. This happens in two ways:

  • The combination of hydrochloric acid and pepsin causes an immediate burning pain after swallowing.
  • When food sits in the stomach for too long, gas bubbles collect and form a pocket of air where they can escape through weak areas causing pain.
  • What Is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a condition where stomach contents flow back up into the esophagus. Other symptoms of GERD include heartburn, chest pain, and regurgitation from the mouth or throat.

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is also commonly known as acid reflux, heartburn, and more colloquially as sour stomach or heartburn.

    It is an umbrella term that refers to a variety of conditions that all affect the lower end of the gastrointestinal tract .

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    Heartburn Triggers: Large Meals And Fatty Foods

    A big greasy burger and supersized serving of fries right before bedtime is a good way to fuel the flame of heartburn. Fatty foods, large portions, and late-night meals are the top three triggers that affect many people with heartburn.

    Heartburn is most common after eating a large meal. A belly full of too much food stretches the stomach, causing you to feel “stuffed.” Stomachstretching, or distention, puts pressure on the LES, the ring of muscle that keeps stomach acids from moving in the wrong direction. So juices from your last meal may come back to haunt you. This can happen when eating large amounts of any food, not just foods known to trigger your heartburn symptoms.

    Fatty foods are big no-nos if you suffer from heartburn. High-fat foods sit around in your belly longer. This makes your stomach produce more acid, irritating your digestive system. And fatty and greasy foods lead to a lazy, relaxed LES. So not only do you have more irritating stomach acids, you’re more likely to have the contents splash back up your throat. Ouch!


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