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What Is The Medical Name For Heartburn

How Is Gerd Treated

What is GERD? | Auburn Medical Group

Treatment for GERD depends on how severe symptoms are. For some people, treatment may just include lifestyle changes, such as changing what they eat or drink. Others will need to take medicines. In very rare cases, when GERD is particularly severe, a doctor will recommend surgery.

These lifestyle changes can help ease the symptoms of GERD or even prevent the condition:

  • quitting smoking
  • losing weight if you are overweight
  • eating small meals
  • avoiding carbonated beverages
  • avoiding foods that trigger reflux

It also can help to not lie down for 3 hours after a meal and to not eat 2 to 3 hours before going to bed. Doctors sometimes also recommend raising the head of the bed about 6 to 8 inches. Before you start a major bedroom makeover, though, talk to your doctor and your parents about the best sleeping position for you.

If symptoms continue, doctors might prescribe medicine, such as:

  • H2 blockers, which can help block the production of stomach acid
  • proton pump inhibitors, which reduce the amount of acid the stomach makes
  • prokinetics, which help the esophageal sphincter work better and the stomach empty faster. This can prevent reflux episodes.

Lifestyle Changes Can Ease Symptoms Of Heartburn

In the meantime, there are lifestyle changes that can help with the symptoms. First, you can keep a record of the foods you eat and your symptoms to try to identify any relationship. Foods that cause problems for one person may not cause problems for someone else, so this is an individual exercise. You may have already noticed that your symptoms flare up after consuming certain ingredients, so you have a headstart on correcting the problem.

Second, you can try to lose weight. The incidence of GERD is much higher in people who are classified as obese, and weight loss has been shows to improve or eliminate symptoms. It is even beneficial for those whose body mass index is classified as normal!

If you are struggling with symptoms of heartburn, please make an appointment to see your healthcare provider. They will make recommendations for further testing and appropriate steps to minimize symptoms. There is no need to be uncomfortable when you dont have to be!

What Does Heartburn Feel Like

Heartburn feels like an uncomfortable or burning pain in the middle of your chest. You may also experience:

  • a burning sensation in your throat
  • pressure or pain behind your breastbone
  • difficulty swallowing
  • worsening pain after lying down or bending over
  • an acidic, sour, or bitter taste in your mouth
  • coughing or hoarseness

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How To Get Rid Of Heartburn With Home Remedies

In addition to avoiding foods listed above, there are several home remedies that can help people avoid and reduce the symptoms of heartburn. These include:

  • eating small meals,
  • avoiding bending over ,
  • waiting about three hours after a meal before lying down, elevate the head of your bed about eight inches, and avoid lying on the right side.
  • If you are overweight, loose the extra weight.
  • Reduce the amount of stress by using relaxation techniques.

What Are The Main Symptoms Of Gerd

The main symptoms are persistent heartburn and acid regurgitation. Some people have GERD without heartburn. Instead, they experience pain in the chest, hoarseness in the morning or trouble swallowing. You may feel like you have food stuck in your throat, or like you are choking or your throat is tight. GERD can also cause a dry cough and bad breath.

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How Long Does Heartburn Last

Heartburn can affect people differently. In general, heartburn symptoms begin shortly after eating and can last anywhere from a few minutes to a couple of hours, or even longer.

How long you experience symptoms depends on the underlying cause. It also depends on what you do at the first sign of symptoms. For example, sometimes heartburn symptoms last until your body digests the triggering food. Other times, it goes away if you stand up instead of lying down after eating.

If you take OTC antacids or prescription medications as part of a treatment plan, you may experience a shorter duration or fewer heartburn symptoms.

Heartburn typically occurs when contents from the stomach back up into the esophagus. The esophagus is a tube that carries food and fluids from the mouth into the stomach.

Your esophagus connects to your stomach at a juncture known as the lower esophageal sphincter. If the lower esophageal sphincter is functioning properly, it closes when food leaves the esophagus and enters the stomach.

In some people, the lower esophageal sphincter doesnt function properly or it becomes weakened. This leads to contents from the stomach leaking back into the esophagus. Stomach acids can irritate the esophagus and cause symptoms of heartburn. This condition is known as reflux.

Certain conditions and other factors may make it more likely for you to experience heartburn. Risk factors include:

Structural Physiology And Aetiology

Heartburn, indigestion and acid reflux all commonly occur in pregnancy, usually in the latter stage, although they may also accompany first trimester nausea and vomiting. Symptoms are largely due to the effects of progesterone, which relaxes the cardiac sphincter of the stomach, causing acid reflux. It is worse in women with multiple pregnancy and when the fetal presentation is breech, due to upwards pressure on the diaphrgam. Some mothers may experience a burning sensation at varying levels in the oesophagus, which will usually correspond to tender areas on the oesophagus reflex zones of the feet, relative to the level of heartburn. Mechanical distress also occurs at the junction of the oesophagus, cardiac sphincter and stomach due to changes within the abdominal/uterine cavities, the spinal kyphosis/lordosis and the inter-relationship between the shoulder and pelvic girdles. Heartburn is also often exacerbated by the weight of the breasts, particularly if the mother wears an ill-fitting brassiere, or if her general posture is poor with an accentuated thoracic kyphosis.

Joel E. Richter, Frank K. Friedenberg, in, 2010

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What Are The Symptoms And Causes Of Leaky Gut

Symptoms and causes are an example of how medical professionals disagree. Some believe that leaky gut directly causes various diseases. Others claim that leaky gut only exists as a symptom of further, more chronic and serious diseases .

Until scientists conduct more clinical studies, the debate between cause and symptom will not resolve any time soon .

Whether a cause or an effect, there are various diseases or health issues generally associated with leaky gut.

These diseases and issues are directly associated with leaky gut, but there are other actions that can cause the problem.

Heartburn Relief With Over The Counter Medicine

Remedies for heartburn

When it comes to heartburn relief, antacids are the most popular and least expensive choice. These products neutralize the acid in your stomach to help with a sour stomach, indigestion, and other unpleasant feelings that are associated with heartburn. Some antacids also contain an ingredient to help rid the body of excess gas. Be aware that certain products may also contain ingredients that could cause diarrhea, like magnesium. Others could contain aluminum which can cause constipation. Antacids typically come in the form of a tablet or liquid. Take them according to the directions on the package and chew tablets thoroughly before swallowing to get faster relief.

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How Is Leaky Gut Syndrome Diagnosed

Health professionals are still wary about making leaky gut syndrome an official diagnosis. It is not a condition that is formally recognized in the medical world. However, this does not make the symptoms less real it simply means that they may be symptoms of other gastrointestinal conditions.

Natural health advocates consider the Mannitol and Lactulose test as the standard test for leaky gut. However, a research study conducted on the said test revealed that it is not a valuable tool in detecting indigestible sugars.

With the lack of conclusive medical studies that support the existence of leaky gut syndrome as an official diagnosis, health experts remain skeptical. But if youre experiencing symptoms, the best medical advice is for you to consult with a gastroenterologist.

Tell your doctor about what youre feeling. From there, they may ask you to undergo diagnostic tests to determine the cause further. They may refer you to a specialist for more in-depth medical advice and for you to receive proper treatment.

At-home microbiome test kits are available. This allows you to know the health status of your gut. These are tests that you can take from the comfort of home.

One of these is Verisanas Leaky Gut Complete test. Using a stool sample, it tests the gut microbiome for candida and mold, bacterial imbalance, secretory IgA, and Zonulin value.

What Do I Do If I Think I Have Gerd

With GERD when reflux and heartburn happen more than once in a while the tissue lining your esophagus is getting battered regularly with stomach acid. Eventually the tissue becomes damaged. If you have this chronic acid reflux and heartburn you can see its affecting your daily eating and sleeping habits.

When GERD makes your daily life uncomfortable in this way, call your healthcare provider. Although GERD isnt life-threatening in itself, its chronic inflammation of the esophagus can lead to something more serious. You may need stronger prescription medications or even surgery to ease your symptoms.

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Heartburn And Gerd In Pregnant Women

Heartburn and GERD are commonly associated with pregnancy and can occur in women who may never have had GERD symptoms before. Pregnant women usually experience GERD symptoms around the first trimester. It then worsens in the last trimester. The good news is that when your baby is born, your symptoms usually go away.

Pregnancy can increase levels of the hormone progesterone, which can cause the muscles of the lower esophagus to relax. This makes it more likely that acid will reflux. Increased pressure on the stomach from a growing uterus can also increase a womans likelihood for having GERD.

Symptoms include pain that gets worse after a meal and acid regurgitation. Because the symptoms tend to be temporary, a woman usually doesnt experience the long-term complications associated with GERD, like ongoing inflammation.

Doctors usually avoid prescribing too many medications while a woman is pregnant because the medicine can be passed along to the fetus. Instead, doctors usually recommend making lifestyle changes, such as avoiding foods known to cause acid reflux and sleeping with the head slightly elevated. Taking antacids that contain magnesium, aluminum, and calcium may be permitted. However, antacids with sodium bicarbonate should be avoided in pregnant women because they can affect a womans fluid volumes.

I Went To The Emergency Room Because I Had Chest Pain But My Heart Was Ok Is This Normal

Yes. GERD symptoms like chest pain or burning may mimic the symptoms of a heart attack, and the emergency room will always consider heart issues first as they can be life-threatening. If that happens, you may receive a GI cocktail to help alleviate the pain and burning and to differentiate the pain from a heart-related condition.

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How To Prevent Leaky Gut Naturally

Anyone experiencing negative symptoms of leaky gut should consult a medical professional for their advice and guidance.

This said, scientific studies and medical professionals offer various suggestions on how to lessen or avoid the symptoms and risks for causes of leaky gut.

  • Eat diets high in fiber and low in processed fats and sugars. One medical study took a group of Americans and a group of rural Africans and switched their diets. The Americans had improved gut health with their new diet full of natural fruits and vegetables with lessened amounts of sugars and fats.

The Africans showed a significant decrease in the health of their digestive systems due to the unhealthy common foods of the American diet . Fruits and vegetables are the easiest and best way to improve gut health quickly.

  • Find foods or supplements with probiotics. Probiotics are foods that contain beneficial bacteria for the gut. These are usually found in fermented foods such as sauerkraut, kimchi, kombucha, yogurt, and kefir. See: Drinks to Help Your Gut.

Eating probiotic foods or supplements helps the gut by providing the extra bacteria to break down food and fight infections.

See: What are Probiotics?

  • Cut back on or avoid foods with gluten. One study found consuming gluten on a regular daily basis can contribute to chronic inflammation in the human body .
  • Avoid dairy products. Not everyone has sensitivities to dairy products, but many are dairy sensitive without being completely lactose intolerant .

How Common Is Gerd

GERD is very common. The condition and its symptoms touch a huge number of people: 20% of the U.S. population.

Anyone of any age can develop GERD, but some may be more at risk for it. For example, the chances youll have some form of GERD increase after age 40.

Youre also more likely to have it if youre:

  • Overweight or obese.
  • Smoking or are regularly exposed to second-hand smoke.
  • Taking certain medications that may cause acid reflux.

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Ppis Can Change The Way Other Drugs Work

PPIs interact with some common prescription drugs. For example, some PPIs can reduce the blood-thinning effect of the drug Plavix , according to the US Food and Drug Administration. This can increase the risk of heart attack and even death. If you take Plavix, talk to your doctor about whether you should take a PPI.

Symptoms Of Leaky Gut

What is GERD?

The tricky thing with leaky gut is that it can manifest via a wide range of symptoms. Many of which are also common for other digestive disorders such as IBS, Crohns and even auto-immune issues such as eczema. Several of the most common symptoms are:

  • Chronic diarrhea or constipation
  • Skin problems such as acne, eczema and psoriasis
  • Widespread inflammation
  • Nutritional deficiencies

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When Is It Time To Talk To Your Doctor

If you experience heartburn or regurgitation more than once a week, its time to talk with your doctor, Dr. Dumot says.

People should be evaluated if they have chronic acid reflux to make sure their medical treatments are adequate, safe and correct and to determine if they have had damage to the esophagus, Dr. Dumot says.

If medications dont provide relief, further treatment options might include procedures intended to repair or replace the valve that connects the stomach and esophagus, which is often the culprit for acid reflux.

They include:

  • LINX® Reflux Management System

Is Gerd Dangerous Or Life

GERD isnt life-threatening or dangerous in itself. But long-term GERD can lead to more serious health problems:

  • Esophagitis: Esophagitis is the irritation and inflammation the stomach acid causes in the lining of the esophagus. Esophagitis can cause ulcers in your esophagus, heartburn, chest pain, bleeding and trouble swallowing.
  • Barrett’s esophagus: Barrett’s esophagus is a condition that develops in some people who have long-term GERD. The damage acid reflux can cause over years can change the cells in the lining of the esophagus. Barretts esophagus is a risk factor for cancer of the esophagus.
  • Esophageal cancer: Cancer that begins in the esophagus is divided into two major types. Adenocarcinoma usually develops in the lower part of the esophagus. This type can develop from Barretts esophagus. Squamous cell carcinoma begins in the cells that line the esophagus. This cancer usually affects the upper and middle part of the esophagus.
  • Strictures: Sometimes the damaged lining of the esophagus becomes scarred, causing narrowing of the esophagus. These strictures can interfere with eating and drinking by preventing food and liquid from reaching the stomach.

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What We Know For Sure

Leaky gut is a condition in which bacteria and toxins pass through small junctions in the intestinal wall into the bloodstream.

Various medical professionals reject that leaky gut exists, but there is growing evidence to substantiate that increased intestinal permeability is real andpresent in several autoimmune disorders.

However, there isnt enough evidence to conclude that leaky gut syndrome is the underlying cause of the diseases where it is present.

When Acid Reflux Is Chronic: What Is Gerd

According to the American College of Gastroenterology, GERD is acid reflux that occurs two or more times per week. It is estimated that up to 20 percent of the U.S. population has GERD.

That said, its not the case that a person who has occasional heartburn will necessarily progress toward having GERD, says Louis Cohen, MD, gastroenterologist and assistant professor of medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. But the symptoms are the same as those of acid reflux, such as the burning feeling in your chest and the sensation that your stomach contents are in your throat. You may also have a dry cough or trouble swallowing.

Diagnosing the condition can usually be done by a primary care doctor by simply evaluating symptom frequency and severity.

We may also put a probe into a patients esophagus for a day to measure how frequently reflux happens, says Dr. Cohen. Knowing how often reflux occurs is another way to confirm a diagnosis, beyond evaluating the symptoms.

Treatment for GERD starts with lifestyle modifications, adds Hagan: Well ask patients to try these steps before we offer medication, although we understand that it can be hard to do some things, such as quitting smoking.

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Other drugs called H2 blockers, such as Zantac or Pepcid , may also be effective, says Hagan. H2 blockers also lower stomach acid production, and they are available over the counter.

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